Professor Azoulay joined the MIT Sloan School faculty in July 2006. In his research, he investigates how organizational design and social networks influence the productivity of R&D in the health care sector. Currently, he is studying the impact of superstar researchers on the research productivity of their colleagues in the academic life sciences. He is also interested in the topic of academic entrepreneurship, having recently concluded a major study of the antecedents and consequences of academic patenting. In the past, he has researched the outsourcing strategies of pharmaceutical firms, in particular the role played by contract research organizations in the clinical trials process. He teaches courses on strategy and technology strategy.

Professor Azoulay is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. From 2001 and 2006, he was Assistant and then Associate Professor of Management at Columbia University's Graduate School of Business. A native of France, he received his doctoral degree from MIT in 2001.