Social Influence Given (Partially) Deliberate Matching: Career Imprints in the Creation of Academic Entrepreneurs (with Chris Liu and Toby Stuart). American Journal of Sociology, Forthcoming.

Retractions (with Jeffrey L. Furman, Joshua L. Krieger, and Fiona Murray). Review of Economics and Statistics, 97(5), pp. 1118-1136, 2015. Also NBER Working Paper #18499.

Matthew: Effect or Fable?
 (with Toby Stuart and Yanbo Wang). Management Science, 60(1), pp. 92-109, 2014. Also NBER Working Paper #18625.

Technological Innovation and Organizations (with Josh Lerner). Chapter 14 in the Handbook of Organizational Economics (edited by Robert Gibbons and John Roberts), pp. 575-603. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. e-mail me for a reprint.

The Diffusion of Scientific Knowledge Across Time and Space: Evidence from Professional Transitions for the Superstars of Medicine (with Joshua Graff Zivin and Bhaven Sampat). Chapter 2 in The Rate & Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited (edited by Joshua Lerner and Scott Stern), pp. 107-155, 2012. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Also NBER Working Paper #16683.

Incentives and Creativity: Evidence from the Academic Life Sciences. RAND Journal of Economics, 42(3), pp. 527-554, 2011 (with Gustavo Manso and Joshua Graff Zivin). Also NBER Working Paper #15466.

Nasty, Brutish, and Short: Embeddedness Failure in the Pharmaceutical Industry. Administrative Science Quarterly, 55(3), pp. 472-507, 2010 (with Nelson Repenning and Ezra Zuckerman). [On-line Appendix]

Superstar Extinction. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 125(2), pp. 549-589, 2010 (with Joshua Graff Zivin and Jialan Wang). Also NBER Working Paper #14577 [see also blurb in Science].

The Effect of Academic Patenting on the Rate, Quality, and Direction of (Public) Research Output. Journal of Industrial Economics, 57(4), pp. 637-676, 2009 (with Waverly Ding and Toby Stuart). Also NBER Working Paper #11917 [Slides].

The Anatomy of Medical School Patenting. New England Journal of Medicine, 357(20), pp. 2049-2056, 2007 (with Ryan Michigan and Bhaven Sampat).

The Determinants of Faculty Patenting Behavior: Demographics or Opportunities? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organizations, 63(4), pp. 599-623, 2007 (with Waverly Ding and Toby Stuart).

PublicationHarvester: An Open-Source Software Tool for Science Policy Research. Research Policy, 35(7), pp. 970-974, 2006 (with Andrew Stellman and Joshua Graff Zivin).

Capturing Knowledge Within and Across Firm Boundaries: Evidence from Clinical Development. American Economic Review, 94(5), pp. 1591-1612, 2004.

Consumption Externalities and Diffusion in Pharmaceutical Markets: Anti-Ulcer Drugs. Journal of Industrial Economics, 51(2), pp. 243-270, 2003 (with Ernst Berndt and Robert Pindyck).

Do Pharmaceutical Sales Respond to Scientific Evidence? Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 11(4), pp. 551-594, 2002.

Entrepreneurs, Contracts, and the Failure of Young Firms. Management Science, 47(3), pp. 337-358, 2001 (with Scott Shane).