Generating Ideas: Applied and Academic Research (with Ben Jones). Slides from a discussion prepared for the "Innovation and Early Stage Ideas" Conference, Tinbergen Institute, Amsterdam, December 2006.

Public R&D Investment and Private Sector Patenting: Evidence from NIH Funding Rules (with Joshua Graff Zivin, Danielle Li, and Bhaven Sampat). Data Appendix. Also NBER Working Paper #20889.

The Career Effects of Scandal: Evidence from Scienti c Retractions (with Alessandro Bonatti and Joshua Krieger). Also NBER Working Paper #21146.

Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time? (with Christian Fons-Rosen and Joshua Graff-Zivin). Also NBER Working Paper #21788.